Surprising Protein Facts You May Not Know
Protein, which comes from the Greek term “protos,” meaning “of first quality,” is an essential nutrient. To imagine how a protein molecule looks, visualise something like a chain that is very long, rather like sausage link chains. The links within these chains are known as amino acids, which are usually known as protein’s building blocks. In adding to atoms of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, these amino acids are in the nitrogen group. This group of amino acids is very important for processing special proteins in the body.
Our Bodies Are Jam-Packed With Proteins
Did you know that there are proteins in both the inner and outer layers of each living cell in your body? Let’s talk about this more. A human’s hair, nails, and even outer skin layers are made out of the keratin protein. Keratin, a scleroprotein, is one hell of a protein that resists against the enzymes of the digestive system. So if a person bites his or her nails, he or she cannot just simply digest them. Your muscle tissues contain actin, myosin, myoglobin, and other proteins. Every human bone contains a lot of proteins. The bone’s outer part is being toughened with minerals like calcium, but the rubbery inner part is actually protein, and in the bone marrow layer there is protein, too, which is the soft part. Even the red blood cells have haemoglobin, a certain substance carrying oxygen all throughout the human body; globin is also known as a protein. The blood’s clear fluid is plasma, which transports protein and fat particles called the lipoproteins that carry cholesterol in and out of the human body.
How Does the Body Use Protein Exactly?
Our bodies utilise proteins to build new sets of cells that maintain tissues. They then synthesise new sets of proteins, which makes it possible to perform basic functions of the body. Let’s say half of the dietary muscle food protein, like that found at proteinfoodsdirect.com, one can consume each day goes to make enzymes, the essential proteins that work and are responsible for jobs such as digestion of food and the assembly or division of molecules in order to form new cells, including chemical substances. In order to perform such functions, these enzymes regularly need minerals and vitamins.
The digestive tract cells are able to absorb one amino acid each, or two to three tiny chains of amino acids. So protein foods are being broken into their section of amino acids with enzymes from the digestive system – which, of course, are specialised proteins. Then some other enzymes inside the body cells synthesise new proteins by reassembling amino acids to specific compounds, which the body requires to function; this process is known as protein synthesis. Every day, we re-utilise more proteins than we get from the food that we eat, so we need this continuous supply in order maintain our protein status. If our diet does not have enough protein amounts, we start to digest the body proteins, including the muscle proteins and, in some cases that are extreme, the muscle in your heart.